New domus open and back to the history in the archaeological excavations of Pompeii in the last year.The “Domus of the Geometric Mosaics” is one of the largest of the ancient city of Pompeii. Named after its rich floor decorations, the Domus had more than sixty rooms and a spectacular arrangement in terraces. Probably owned by a powerful politician, the building was abandoned in 62 AD, after the violent earthquake which damaged the area around the Vesuvius. The eruption of 79 AD, covered it under a thick blanket of ash and lapilli, until the first half of the nineteenth century, when the dwelling was excavated .
After a long restoration, the Domus officially rejoined the tourist circuit of Pompeii last November. Thanks to the works financed by the EU as part of the “Great Pompeii Project”, an entire district of the southern zone – an area of 50 thousand square meters – has been recovered and many monuments have returned to light.
Among these are: The House of Popidius Celsinus, also called the House of Lime for the discovery of some remains of a lime mixture on the floor of its room. When the Vesuvius erupted, the dwelling was still under construction. The Botanical Garden, a domus of two floors with three entrances, named for the Garden it housed. The Odeion (or Little Theatre), near Porta Stabia. And the Domus of Queen Carolina and its precious frescoes of IV style. The Boar House and its mosaic in the vestibule which represents a wild boar attacked by dogs. The House of the pygmies, so called from the fresco depicting life scenes of some pygmies on the banks of the Nile. The Small Lupanare or “Lupanariello”, a private space dedicated to pleasure, with some erotic scenes painted on the walls.
The Domus of Obellius, one of the most articulate dwellings of the city, where a huge strongbox has been found. The rich house of Marco Lucrezio Frontone has been completely restored and open to the public. This domus hosts some of the finest wall paintings of Pompeii, including a fresco depicting the murder of Neoptolemus by Oreste. In one of its rooms were also found the skeletons of five adults and three children crushed by the collapse of the roof, during the eruption.
Also the Domus of the Vettii, with its famous erotic representations, is now partially visitable. This house is one of the richest and most famous of ancient Pompeii. Placed under the protection of Priapus, it belonged to the brothers Aulus Vettius Restitutus and Conviva, freedmen who became rich thanks to trading.There is still much to preserve in Pompeii to give back to the world treasures which are inestimable for all the humanity.